The Candiolo Cancer Institute is a private non-profit institution founded and supported by the Fondazione Piemontese per la Ricerca sul Cancro-Onlus (FPRC) and operated by the Fondazione del Piemonte per l’Oncologia (FPO: co-founded by FPRC and the Regione Piemonte). The Institute is a recognized IRCCS (Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico) by the Italian Ministry of Health. The Candiolo Cancer Institute works in synergy with the University of Torino Medical School. Its mission is a significant contribution to fight cancer, by understanding the basics, and by providing state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic services. The interface between molecular biology and medicine is at the core of the Institute. FPRC provides enduring fund raising to complete and develop the Institute’s buildings and technologies in order to foster research.